About 70% of the profits of China's construction machinery enterprises are "eaten" by imported parts and components.
about 70% of the profits of China's construction machinery enterprises are "eaten" by the purchase price of imported spare parts intended to be reduced by 10 yuan/ton.
China's construction machinery information
Guide: recently, in the interview and investigation of the construction machinery industry, it was found that the production of key parts and components of the vast majority of China's construction machinery enterprises is still controlled by others. Relevant experts said that the construction machinery industry, as one of the important industries in the equipment industry, involves the national industrial and economic security, and its basic parts are self
recently, in the interview and investigation of the construction machinery industry, it was found that the production of key parts in most of China's construction machinery enterprises is still controlled by others. Relevant experts said that the construction machinery industry, as one of the important industries in the equipment industry, involves national industrial and economic security, and the independent research and development of its basic parts urgently needs the policy support of relevant national departments
the industry as a whole has been "choked"
in recent years, China's construction machinery industry has made remarkable achievements through independent innovation and the implementation of the "going out" strategy. In 2007, the industry's sales revenue was 200billion yuan, of which the export value was 64billion yuan (the trade surplus reached 24billion yuan), which has nearly doubled in 10 years. Therefore, China has become an international construction machinery manufacturing base equal to the United States, Japan and the European Union
however, behind the rapid development of the industry, a fact that cannot be ignored is that the production of key parts in China is still controlled by others, resulting in a situation of low profits and lack of core competitiveness of products. According to the calculation of China Construction Machinery Association, the gap between China's construction machinery industry and the international advanced level is about 15 years. The fundamental reason is that the technical level of key parts is not high and the reliability is not strong
longguojian, vice chairman of Hunan CPPCC and chairman of Zoomlion [10.11 10.01%] board of supervisors, told that there are six key supporting technologies that restrict the industry: power shift gearbox, wet brake drive axle, hydraulic pump and motor, slewing ring, integral multi-channel cutting gate, and R & D and manufacturing technology for four wheels. "These technologies and manufacturing are all mastered or controlled by foreign countries, and it is inevitable that China's construction machinery industry will be 'strangled'."
70% of the profits are "eaten" by imported parts and components.
according to the statistics of Hunan Mechanical Engineering Association, among the main engine products produced by 29 construction machinery enterprises above Designated Size in Hunan, the import costs of parts and components account for more than 40% of the manufacturing costs. According to the relevant person in charge of XCMG group, in 2007, XCMG earned US $500million in foreign exchange through export, while it spent about US $300million on on purchasing foreign parts. Foreign parts accounted for 40% of the sales of problematic products in terms of friction or humidity in exported equipment, but accounted for 70-80% of the profits
according to the information provided by the China Construction Machinery Industry Association, since 2007, due to the increase in the prices of parts and components by foreign enterprises, it is a bit wasteful for Chinese construction machinery enterprises to replace new machines and invite special personnel to repair them. 70% of the profits were "eaten" by imported parts and components on August 23 this year
hanxuesong, President of China Construction Machinery Association, said that in order to obtain relevant parts, some enterprises had to send special purchasing personnel to wait in the factories of foreign suppliers; In order to reduce the loss of lost time, some enterprises often transport raw materials by air, which greatly increases the cost; Some enterprises have to readjust the production schedule and plan due to the lack of relevant parts and components, which makes it difficult to complete the order production
xiangwenbo, President of Sany Heavy Industry, said that as one of the important industries in the equipment industry, the basic parts of the construction machinery industry are so dependent on imports, which is not conducive to national industrial and economic security, national economic development and national defense construction
how to solve the "parts" dilemma
it is understood that there are two main reasons for the low technical level of parts in the domestic construction machinery industry. First, the parts manufacturers are mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, lacking enterprise groups with independent intellectual property rights, prominent main businesses and strong core competitiveness, which is far from international giants; Second, the main engine manufacturers do not pay enough attention to the production and R & D of supporting parts. Most enterprises focus on the development and production of main engines, and the development of parts is slow
in this regard, relevant experts said that as early as 2006, the State Council issued several opinions on revitalizing the equipment manufacturing industry, which put forward requirements and objectives for construction machinery, general mechanical equipment and some electronic components. However, the opinions were considered by many construction machinery enterprises as "insufficient policy support and insufficient financial support"
"based on the domestic scientific research and technology level, it is not that we can not develop and produce high-level hydraulic components and other basic components, but that we have not integrated resources." Zhanchunxin, chairman of Zoomlion, believes that under the guidance and coordination of the national development and Reform Commission and industry associations, we can focus on the advantageous resources of the industry, promote the cooperation between enterprises, especially between main engine manufacturers and parts suppliers, strengthen independent innovation, and jointly realize the breakthrough of basic parts industry
heqinghua, chairman of Shanhe intelligent, said that because these key components belong to basic industries, with large investment, long cycle, slow efficiency and certain risks, "to solve this problem, the competent government departments need to issue relevant incentive policies"